Retirement Home – 5

I am calling this ‘adies with Walkers’ but Idin’t have anything profound or humorous say about the subject. Maybe ome eposition will insire me.

There are two kinds of walkers two wheel and four wheel. Two-whweelers are best for balance; they are made from metal tubing and the rear legs are sealed with flat disks.

Four wheelers are for mobility. The best ones have seats and plastic bags for transpoorting material. They wonderful for the supermarket – gather your groceries and sit down when you get tired.


Retirement Home – 4 (Computers)

Computers came along when many seniors were already aged. Less than half of the residents in our building have e-mail addresses. Virtually everyone in the next building has an e-mail address, but they average about twenty years younger.

Although Peg and I use computers regularly, we are late adopters. We visit the net daily and use e-mail extensively. But we do not do text and we only use our cell phone to make calls; no twitter; I am on Linked-in but do not respond to e-mails from them; I am on Facebook, but rarely visit it. In other words, we may very well be about average for our generation.

Retirement Home – 3 (9th Floor)

The mighty ninth floor holds about twenty of us. Mostly single women, a scattering of single men, and one married couple – Peg and I. Right now we have a special resident – an OSU social work student, who is studying us.

(this section is a sticking point. Can I write without hurting people’s feelings? I am not very perceptive about people in the first place)

People talk little about their previous lives.

We have much turnover – about one death and one move to Assisted Living per year.


Retirement Home – 2 Remembering Names)

Peg was riding down the elevator one day and started chatting with her fellow passenger. “I’m sorry but I don’t remember your name”, she said.He rcompanion replied “Nobody remembers anyone’s name  here.”

Not quite true.

We were at a party when Peg said I need to talk to Gretchen. whereupon she went over to a woman who was not Gretchen. I strained my brain until  ‘Marge’ popped out.When Peg returned I said “You said you wanted to talk to Gretchen and you went over to Marge.”

” That’s o.k., it’s Marge wanted to  talk to.” was her response.

Natural Gas Replacing Nuclear Plants

The nuclear age appears to be ending. Natural gas plants and wind farms now produce electricity more cheaply than reactors. A couple of states have provided financial aid to nuclear plants and the federal government is trying to bail out aging nuclear (as well as coal) plants. A proposed nuclear bailout has made little progress in the Ohio General Assembly.

There are several concerns when a reactor closes. The jurisdiction of reactor site typically loses a large portion of its tax base and considerable economic activity. Of wider concern are increases in greenhouse-gas generation and loss of jobs.

Greenhouse-Gas Generation

The strongest argument for nuclear energy is that it does not produce greenhouse gasses. As shown in the Appendix, replacing Ohio’s nuclear plants with natural gas will raise our greenhouse gas production by about nine percent. Of course there would be no net increas if nuclear were to be replaced by wind and solar.


There is concern that the nuclear-plant workers will not find new jobs. Data in the appendix shows that this may bre a problem because of new gas plants coming on line.

Problems with Coal

There also data in the Appendix for coal. They show that coal is a poor substitute for natural gas based green house gas generation. However coal is more labor intensive. Replacing nu8clea with coal will provide a considerable number of jobs.


Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Table A-1 shows the amount of greenhouse gas produced by various fuels. As is well known, nuclear produces none. So replacing it will increase production. In 2016 (latest data), nuclear produced 16.8 million megawatt hours (MWh) of electricity (1). If this amount were to be generated using natural gas, 7.2 million metric tons of greenhouse gas would be produced (2). This is about nine percent of Ohio’s annual CO2 production.

Table A-1 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Energy Source Electricity Generation,
Million MWh
CO2 Production,
Million Metric Tons
Production Rate,
CO2 per MWh
Coal 68.7 66.9 0.97
Natural Gas 28.6 12.4 0.43
Nuclear 16.8 0 0



Table A-2 shows the labor intensity for various fuels. It appears that natural gas and nuclear require about the same amount of staffing. This raises the possibility that kany, if not all, nuclear employees could get jobs in the gas plants replacing nuclear.

Table A-2 – Ohio Electricity Generation – Worker Production

Annual Production,
Billlion kWh
Workers Workers per
Billion kWh
Coal 68.6 (1) 16,376 (3) 230
Natural Gas 28.1 (1) 2,477 (3) 88
Nuclear 17.7 (1) 1,340 (4) 81


(1) Energy Information Administration, Electricity Data Browser, accessed 29 May 2018

(2) Energy Information Administration. Emissions.Annual

(3), Ohio Energy and Employment, 2017

(4) The Brattle Group, Ohio Nuclear Power Plants’ Contribution to the State Economy, April 2017

Retirement Home -1

I am thinking of writing an essay on living at WT. Tentative title is ‘Ladies with Walkers’.

Tentative start is:

We moved her after we sold our house. More accurately. we decided to move here and then sold our house. There are few couples; many residents were stashed here by middle-aged daughters (Don’t be disparaging, Al – our daughter descends from Toronto periodically to make sure we are still alive).

Typically, people in this building are in their eighties.

Renewable Energy Does Not Raise Electric Rates

It is an article of faith of conservative economists that renewable energy raises electric rates and causes economic distress. To make their case, they produce detailed analyses, such as Ref (1), based on cost assumptions.


The acid test of the effects of renewable energy is its actual effect on actual electric rates. I have previously shown that electric rates, as well as unemployment rates, are independent of the amount of renewable energy produced in a state (2). Those were 2016 data. The 2017 data are now in (3) and are consistent with earlier data. With the exceptionof traditionally expensive states (Alaska, Hawaii, and New England) the data lie in a narrow band, confirming that renewable energy does not raise electric rates.



(1) Orphe Divounguy, et al., Economic Research Center Analysis: The Impact of Renewables Portfolio Standards on the Ohio Economy, The Buckeye Institute, March 3, 2017

(2) Alan R. Rosenfield, LWVO Testimony on HB114 -RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARDS, House Public Utilities Committee, March 21, 2017,\

(3) Energy Information Administration, Electrc Power Monthly, Feb. 2018,